Closed Captioning on YouTube


New regulations requiring closed captioning for Internet-based video which has previously been broadcast on television went into effect on September 30, 2012. According to the Twenty-First Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act that was signed into law in 2010, video that has been shown on television is required to include closed captioning when later redistributed online. Video hosting site YouTube has reached out to its users with a caption notification form that they can fill out if they believe that a video publisher is under a legal obligation to provide closed captions but has failed to do so. The video publisher will then be notified of the complaint, and any response will be forwarded by YouTube to the user who filed the complaint.

Universal Design (UD) is an approach to design that increases the potential for developing a better quality of life for a wide range of individuals. It is a design process that enables and empowers a diverse population by improving human performance, health and wellness, and social participation (Steinfeld and Maisel, 2012). It creates products, systems, and environments to be as usable as possible by as many people as possible regardless of age, ability or situation.