Before the smartphone era, vision-impaired people had to use several gadgets throughout their day, such as a light-detection device.
Now, these functions are taken care of by the iPhone and apps. The iOS voiceover function allows users to navigate their phone using a combination of sound and touch. The Money Reader identification app lets users figure out what denomination the bills in their wallet are.
Universal Design (UD) is an approach to design that increases the potential for developing a better quality of life for a wide range of individuals. It is a design process that enables and empowers a diverse population by improving human performance, health and wellness, and social participation (Steinfeld and Maisel, 2012). It creates products, systems, and environments to be as usable as possible by as many people as possible regardless of age, ability or situation.